DCW3C Data Dictionary

No. Research domain Subdomain Questionnaire number Question Variable name Formatted data values Value labels Variable type Notes
1       Child ID IDN_CHILD .   Identification key Randomly generated child ID. Allows linking to other datasets
 
2       Mother ID (Linkable to other datasets) IDN_M31M .   Identification key Randomly generated mother ID at 31 month interview. Allows linking to other datasets
 
3       Child's age at 31 month interview CHILD_AGE_M31CM .   Derived Child's age in months at 31 month interview (Child proxy by mother)
 
4       Mother's country of residence COUNTRY_M31CM 1 New Zealand Categorised Countries other than New Zealand grouped as "Other countries"
            2 Other countries    
 
5 Societal context and neighbourhood environment Internet 31M3 Do you have access to the internet at home? WW1_M31M 1 Yes Raw  
            2 No    
            98 RF    
            99 DK    
 
6     31M4 What kind of internet access do you have - is it dial-up or broadband? WW2_M31M 1 Dial-up Raw  
            2 Broadband    
            97 Other    
            98 RF    
            99 DK    
 
7     31M5 Would you be willing to complete secure online Growing Up questionnaires if these were available in the future?   .     Operational information
 
8 Health and wellbeing Child health issues and treatments 31M26.1 Does {name} have, or has {he/she} had, any new health, developmental, or physical problems that have been diagnosed by a doctor, such as your GP, that have arisen since {he/she} turned two years old: Problem 1? DEV20_PROB1_M31CM 0 No Raw  
            1 Chest infections/bronchiolitis/pneumonia/croup    
            2 Asthma    
            3 Eczema    
            4 Ear infection    
            5 Gastroenteritis    
            6 Skin infection    
            7 Measles (including German measles)    
            8 Chicken pox    
            9 Mumps    
            10 Meningitis    
            11 Whooping cough/pertussis    
            12 Hepatitis B    
            13 Allergy    
            14 Birth condition    
            15 Epilepsy    
            16 Permanent hearing problem    
            17 Vision problem that cannot be corrected with glasses    
            18 An accident or injury for which the child was taken to a doctor/after hours care/hospital emergency department    
            19 Autism    
            20 Other 1    
            21 Other 2    
            22 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
9     31M26.2 Does {name} have, or has {he/she} had, any new health, developmental, or physical problems that have been diagnosed by a doctor, such as your GP, that have arisen since {he/she} turned two years old: Problem 2? DEV20_PROB2_M31CM 0 No Raw  
            1 Chest infections/bronchiolitis/pneumonia/croup    
            2 Asthma    
            3 Eczema    
            4 Ear infection    
            5 Gastroenteritis    
            6 Skin infection    
            7 Measles (including German measles)    
            8 Chicken pox    
            9 Mumps    
            10 Meningitis    
            11 Whooping cough/pertussis    
            12 Hepatitis B    
            13 Allergy    
            14 Birth condition    
            15 Epilepsy    
            16 Permanent hearing problem    
            17 Vision problem that cannot be corrected with glasses    
            18 An accident or injury for which the child was taken to a doctor/after hours care/hospital emergency department    
            19 Autism    
            20 Other 1    
            21 Other 2    
            22 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
10     31M26.3 Does {name} have, or has {he/she} had, any new health, developmental, or physical problems that have been diagnosed by a doctor, such as your GP, that have arisen since {he/she} turned two years old: Problem 3? DEV20_PROB3_M31CM 0 No Raw  
            1 Chest infections/bronchiolitis/pneumonia/croup    
            2 Asthma    
            3 Eczema    
            4 Ear infection    
            5 Gastroenteritis    
            6 Skin infection    
            7 Measles (including German measles)    
            8 Chicken pox    
            9 Mumps    
            10 Meningitis    
            11 Whooping cough/pertussis    
            12 Hepatitis B    
            13 Allergy    
            14 Birth condition    
            15 Epilepsy    
            16 Permanent hearing problem    
            17 Vision problem that cannot be corrected with glasses    
            18 An accident or injury for which the child was taken to a doctor/after hours care/hospital emergency department    
            19 Autism    
            20 Other 1    
            21 Other 2    
            22 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
11     31M26.4 Does {name} have, or has {he/she} had, any new health, developmental, or physical problems that have been diagnosed by a doctor, such as your GP, that have arisen since {he/she} turned two years old: Problem 4? DEV20_PROB4_M31CM 0 No Raw  
            1 Chest infections/bronchiolitis/pneumonia/croup    
            2 Asthma    
            3 Eczema    
            4 Ear infection    
            5 Gastroenteritis    
            6 Skin infection    
            7 Measles (including German measles)    
            8 Chicken pox    
            9 Mumps    
            10 Meningitis    
            11 Whooping cough/pertussis    
            12 Hepatitis B    
            13 Allergy    
            14 Birth condition    
            15 Epilepsy    
            16 Permanent hearing problem    
            17 Vision problem that cannot be corrected with glasses    
            18 An accident or injury for which the child was taken to a doctor/after hours care/hospital emergency department    
            19 Autism    
            20 Other 1    
            21 Other 2    
            22 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
12     31M26.5 Does {name} have, or has {he/she} had, any new health, developmental, or physical problems that have been diagnosed by a doctor, such as your GP, that have arisen since {he/she} turned two years old: Problem 5? DEV20_PROB5_M31CM 0 No Raw  
            1 Chest infections/bronchiolitis/pneumonia/croup    
            2 Asthma    
            3 Eczema    
            4 Ear infection    
            5 Gastroenteritis    
            6 Skin infection    
            7 Measles (including German measles)    
            8 Chicken pox    
            9 Mumps    
            10 Meningitis    
            11 Whooping cough/pertussis    
            12 Hepatitis B    
            13 Allergy    
            14 Birth condition    
            15 Epilepsy    
            16 Permanent hearing problem    
            17 Vision problem that cannot be corrected with glasses    
            18 An accident or injury for which the child was taken to a doctor/after hours care/hospital emergency department    
            19 Autism    
            20 Other 1    
            21 Other 2    
            22 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
13       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 1: Treatment 1? DEV20_PROB1_TREAT1_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB1_TREAT_M31CM
 
14       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 1: Treatment 2? DEV20_PROB1_TREAT2_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB1_TREAT_M31CM
 
15       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 1: Treatment 3? DEV20_PROB1_TREAT3_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB1_TREAT_M31CM
 
16       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 1: Treatment 4? DEV20_PROB1_TREAT4_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB1_TREAT_M31CM
 
17       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 1: Treatment 5? DEV20_PROB1_TREAT5_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB1_TREAT_M31CM
 
18     31M27.1 And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 1? DEV20_PROB1_TREAT_M31CM 0 No Treatment Categorised Combined 'Medicines, Pills, Or Inhaler', 'Surgical Procedure' and 'Physical/occupational/speech therapy' into one group ('Treatment')
            1 Treatment    
            97 Other treatment    
            98 DK/Refused    
 
19       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 2: Treatment 1? DEV20_PROB2_TREAT1_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB2_TREAT_M31CM
 
20       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 2: Treatment 2? DEV20_PROB2_TREAT2_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB2_TREAT_M31CM
 
21       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 2: Treatment 3? DEV20_PROB2_TREAT3_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB2_TREAT_M31CM
 
22       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 2: Treatment 4? DEV20_PROB2_TREAT4_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB2_TREAT_M31CM
 
23       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 2: Treatment 5? DEV20_PROB2_TREAT5_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB2_TREAT_M31CM
 
24     31M27.2 And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 2? DEV20_PROB2_TREAT_M31CM 0 No Treatment Categorised Combined 'Medicines, Pills, Or Inhaler', 'Surgical Procedure' and 'Physical/occupational/speech therapy' into one group ('Treatment')
            1 Treatment    
            97 Other treatment    
            98 DK/Refused    
 
25       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 3: Treatment 1? DEV20_PROB3_TREAT1_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB3_TREAT_M31CM
 
26       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 3: Treatment 2? DEV20_PROB3_TREAT2_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB3_TREAT_M31CM
 
27       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 3: Treatment 3? DEV20_PROB3_TREAT3_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB3_TREAT_M31CM
 
28       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 3: Treatment 4? DEV20_PROB3_TREAT4_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB3_TREAT_M31CM
 
29       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 3: Treatment 5? DEV20_PROB3_TREAT5_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB3_TREAT_M31CM
 
30     31M27.3 And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 3? DEV20_PROB3_TREAT_M31CM 0 No Treatment Categorised Combined 'Medicines, Pills, Or Inhaler', 'Surgical Procedure' and 'Physical/occupational/speech therapy' into one group ('Treatment')
            1 Treatment    
            97 Other treatment    
            98 DK/Refused    
 
31       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 4: Treatment 1? DEV20_PROB4_TREAT1_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB4_TREAT_M31CM
 
32       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 4: Treatment 2? DEV20_PROB4_TREAT2_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB4_TREAT_M31CM
 
33       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 4: Treatment 3? DEV20_PROB4_TREAT3_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB4_TREAT_M31CM
 
34       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 4: Treatment 4? DEV20_PROB4_TREAT4_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB4_TREAT_M31CM
 
35       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 4: Treatment 5? DEV20_PROB4_TREAT5_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB4_TREAT_M31CM
 
36     31M27.4 And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 4? DEV20_PROB4_TREAT_M31CM 0 No Treatment Categorised Combined 'Medicines, Pills, Or Inhaler', 'Surgical Procedure' and 'Physical/occupational/speech therapy' into one group ('Treatment')
            1 Treatment    
            97 Other treatment    
            98 DK/Refused    
 
37       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 5: Treatment 1? DEV20_PROB5_TREAT1_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB5_TREAT_M31CM
 
38       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 5: Treatment 2? DEV20_PROB5_TREAT2_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB5_TREAT_M31CM
 
39       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 5: Treatment 3? DEV20_PROB5_TREAT3_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB5_TREAT_M31CM
 
40       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 5: Treatment 4? DEV20_PROB5_TREAT4_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB5_TREAT_M31CM
 
41       And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 5: Treatment 5? DEV20_PROB5_TREAT5_M31CM .     Information contained in a variable DEV20_PROB5_TREAT_M31CM
 
42     31M27.5 And could you please tell me how {name} is being, or was treated for problem 5? DEV20_PROB5_TREAT_M31CM 0 No Treatment Categorised Combined 'Medicines, Pills, Or Inhaler', 'Surgical Procedure' and 'Physical/occupational/speech therapy' into one group ('Treatment')
            1 Treatment    
            97 Other treatment    
            98 DK/Refused    
 
43   Breastfeeding 31M28 Did you ever breastfeed {name}? CN1_M31CM 1 Currently breastfeeding (includes supplementing with formula and solids) Raw  
            2 Breastfed but have stopped now    
            3 Never breastfed    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
44     31M30 How long did you exclusive breastfeed? CN5_1_M31CM 1 Months Raw  
            2 Weeks    
            3 Days    
            4 Still Exclusively Breastfeeding    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
45     31M30.1 How long did you exclusive breastfeed: Months? CN5M_M31CM .   Raw  
 
46     31M30.2 How long did you exclusive breastfeed: Weeks? CN5W_M31CM .   Raw  
 
47     31M30.3 How long did you exclusive breastfeed: Days? CN5D_M31CM .   Raw  
 
48     31M31 Are you still breastfeeding {name}? CN90_M31CM 1 Yes Raw  
            2 No    
            98 RF    
            99 DK    
 
49     31M32 When we interviewed you when {name} was nine months old, you were breastfeeding [him/her]. Are you still breastfeeding {name}? CN91_M31CM 1 Yes Raw  
            2 No    
            98 RF    
            99 DK    
 
50     31M33 How many time a day (24 hours period) on average do you currently breastfeed? CN2_M31CM 1 Times per day Raw  
            2 Less than once per day    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
51     31M33.1 How many time a day (24 hours period) on average do you currently breastfeed: Times per day? CN2NUM_M31CM 1 1 time Categorised Categorise upper extreme at 9+
            2 2 times    
            3 3 times    
            4 4 times    
            5 5 times    
            6 6 times    
            7 7 times    
            8 8 times    
            9 9+ times    
 
52     31M34 How old was {name} when you stopped breastfeeding: option 1? CN6_1_M31CM 1 Months Raw  
            2 Weeks    
            3 Days    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
53     31M34 How old was {name} when you stopped breastfeeding: option 2? CN6_2_M31CM 1 Months Raw  
            2 Weeks    
            3 Days    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
54     31M34.1 How old was {name} when you stopped breastfeeding: Months? CN6M_M31CM .   Raw  
 
55     31M34.2 How old was {name} when you stopped breastfeeding: Weeks? CN6W_M31CM .   Raw  
 
56     31M34.3 How old was {name} when you stopped breastfeeding: Days? CN6D_M31CM .   Raw  
 
57     31M35.1 Why did you stop breastfeeding: option 1? CN7_1_M31CM 1 Had breast fed long enough Raw  
            2 Baby had trouble latching on    
            3 Didn't have enough milk    
            4 Breast milk alone did not seem to satisfy baby    
            5 Painful breasts    
            6 Baby not gaining enough weight    
            7 Baby lost interest or self-weaned    
            8 I wanted or needed someone else to feed the baby    
            9 I went back to work and expressing breast milk was not convenient or possible    
            10 New pregnancy    
            11 Baby was old enough that the difference between breast milk and formula was minimal    
            12 Other 1    
            13 Other 2    
            14 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
58     31M35.2 Why did you stop breastfeeding: option 2? CN7_2_M31CM 1 Had breast fed long enough Raw  
            2 Baby had trouble latching on    
            3 Didn't have enough milk    
            4 Breast milk alone did not seem to satisfy baby    
            5 Painful breasts    
            6 Baby not gaining enough weight    
            7 Baby lost interest or self-weaned    
            8 I wanted or needed someone else to feed the baby    
            9 I went back to work and expressing breast milk was not convenient or possible    
            10 New pregnancy    
            11 Baby was old enough that the difference between breast milk and formula was minimal    
            12 Other 1    
            13 Other 2    
            14 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
59     31M35.3 Why did you stop breastfeeding: option 3? CN7_3_M31CM 1 Had breast fed long enough Raw  
            2 Baby had trouble latching on    
            3 Didn't have enough milk    
            4 Breast milk alone did not seem to satisfy baby    
            5 Painful breasts    
            6 Baby not gaining enough weight    
            7 Baby lost interest or self-weaned    
            8 I wanted or needed someone else to feed the baby    
            9 I went back to work and expressing breast milk was not convenient or possible    
            10 New pregnancy    
            11 Baby was old enough that the difference between breast milk and formula was minimal    
            12 Other 1    
            13 Other 2    
            14 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
60     31M35.4 Why did you stop breastfeeding: option 4? CN7_4_M31CM 1 Had breast fed long enough Raw  
            2 Baby had trouble latching on    
            3 Didn't have enough milk    
            4 Breast milk alone did not seem to satisfy baby    
            5 Painful breasts    
            6 Baby not gaining enough weight    
            7 Baby lost interest or self-weaned    
            8 I wanted or needed someone else to feed the baby    
            9 I went back to work and expressing breast milk was not convenient or possible    
            10 New pregnancy    
            11 Baby was old enough that the difference between breast milk and formula was minimal    
            12 Other 1    
            13 Other 2    
            14 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
61     31M35.5 Why did you stop breastfeeding: option 5? CN7_5_M31CM 1 Had breast fed long enough Raw  
            2 Baby had trouble latching on    
            3 Didn't have enough milk    
            4 Breast milk alone did not seem to satisfy baby    
            5 Painful breasts    
            6 Baby not gaining enough weight    
            7 Baby lost interest or self-weaned    
            8 I wanted or needed someone else to feed the baby    
            9 I went back to work and expressing breast milk was not convenient or possible    
            10 New pregnancy    
            11 Baby was old enough that the difference between breast milk and formula was minimal    
            12 Other 1    
            13 Other 2    
            14 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
62     31M35.6 Why did you stop breastfeeding: option 6? CN7_6_M31CM 1 Had breast fed long enough Raw  
            2 Baby had trouble latching on    
            3 Didn't have enough milk    
            4 Breast milk alone did not seem to satisfy baby    
            5 Painful breasts    
            6 Baby not gaining enough weight    
            7 Baby lost interest or self-weaned    
            8 I wanted or needed someone else to feed the baby    
            9 I went back to work and expressing breast milk was not convenient or possible    
            10 New pregnancy    
            11 Baby was old enough that the difference between breast milk and formula was minimal    
            12 Other 1    
            13 Other 2    
            14 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
63     31M35.7 Why did you stop breastfeeding: option 7? CN7_7_M31CM 1 Had breast fed long enough Raw  
            2 Baby had trouble latching on    
            3 Didn't have enough milk    
            4 Breast milk alone did not seem to satisfy baby    
            5 Painful breasts    
            6 Baby not gaining enough weight    
            7 Baby lost interest or self-weaned    
            8 I wanted or needed someone else to feed the baby    
            9 I went back to work and expressing breast milk was not convenient or possible    
            10 New pregnancy    
            11 Baby was old enough that the difference between breast milk and formula was minimal    
            12 Other 1    
            13 Other 2    
            14 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
64     31M35.8 Why did you stop breastfeeding: option 8? CN7_8_M31CM 1 Had breast fed long enough Raw  
            2 Baby had trouble latching on    
            3 Didnít have enough milk    
            4 Breast milk alone did not seem to satisfy baby    
            5 Painful breasts    
            6 Baby not gaining enough weight    
            7 Baby lost interest or self-weaned    
            8 I wanted or needed someone else to feed the baby    
            9 I went back to work and expressing breast milk was not convenient or possible    
            10 New pregnancy    
            11 Baby was old enough that the difference between breast milk and formula was minimal    
            12 Other 1    
            13 Other 2    
            14 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
65     31M35.9 Why did you stop breastfeeding: option 9? CN7_9_M31CM 1 Had breast fed long enough Raw  
            2 Baby had trouble latching on    
            3 Didnít have enough milk    
            4 Breast milk alone did not seem to satisfy baby    
            5 Painful breasts    
            6 Baby not gaining enough weight    
            7 Baby lost interest or self-weaned    
            8 I wanted or needed someone else to feed the baby    
            9 I went back to work and expressing breast milk was not convenient or possible    
            10 New pregnancy    
            11 Baby was old enough that the difference between breast milk and formula was minimal    
            12 Other 1    
            13 Other 2    
            14 Other 3    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
66 Psychosocial and cognitive development Language Development 31M37 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Happy? LD20_1_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
67     31M38 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Sad? LD20_2_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
68     31M39 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Angry? LD20_3_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
69     31M40 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Hate? LD20_4_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
70     31M41 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Love? LD20_5_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
71     31M42 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Like? LD20_6_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
72     31M43 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Scared? LD20_7_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
73     31M44 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Think? LD20_8_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
74     31M45 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Pretend? LD20_9_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
75     31M46 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Wish? LD20_10_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
76     31M47 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Wanna/want to? LD20_11_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
77     31M48 Can you please tell me if they [children] are using words in English or any other language: Remember? LD20_12_M31CM 1 Yes (English) Raw  
            2 Yes (Other)    
            3 Both (English and Other)    
            4 No    
            5 Not Applicable    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
78     31M49 Now I am going to ask some questions about how {name} uses words. Does {name} ever talk about past events? LD21_M31CM 1 Not Yet Raw  
            2 Sometimes    
            3 Often    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
79     31M50 Does {name} ever talk about something that's going to happen in the future? LD22_M31CM 1 Not Yet Raw  
            2 Sometimes    
            3 Often    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
80     31M51 To talk about activities, (in English) we sometimes add "ing" to verbs. Has {name} begun to do this? LD23_M31CM 1 Not Yet Raw  
            2 Sometimes    
            3 Often    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK    
 
81     31M52 To talk about things that happened in the past, (in English) we often add "ed" to the verb. Has {name} begun to do this? LD24_M31CM 1 Not Yet Raw  
            2 Sometimes    
            3 Often    
            98 Ref    
            99 DK